Meteorological information for flight planning and operations is obtained from various sources. The following are some common sources of meteorological information for aviation:
- National Weather Service: The National Weather Service (NWS) is a government agency that provides weather information and warnings across the United States. The NWS provides weather forecasts, advisories, and warnings for aviation, which can be accessed by pilots and flight planners.
- Aviation Weather Center: The Aviation Weather Center (AWC) is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and is responsible for providing aviation weather information. The AWC provides weather forecasts, advisories, and warnings for aviation, which can be accessed by pilots and flight planners.
- Automated Weather Observing System: Automated Weather Observing Systems (AWOS) are automated weather stations that provide current weather conditions and observations for specific airports. Pilots can access this information through their aircraft’s communication system or via radio.
- Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts: Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) provide detailed weather forecasts for specific airports. These forecasts are typically updated every six hours and provide information on wind, visibility, clouds, and precipitation.
- Meteorological Information Services: Many countries have government or commercial meteorological information services that provide weather information for aviation. These services provide weather forecasts, advisories, and warnings, as well as specialized meteorological information for pilots and flight planners.
- Weather Radar: Weather radar is used to detect and display weather patterns and precipitation. Pilots can access this information through onboard weather radar systems or through air traffic control.
Overall, meteorological information is critical for safe and efficient flight operations. Pilots and flight planners should use multiple sources of information to ensure they have the most accurate and up-to-date weather information for their flights.